LBE
Thematic Object DIIEM

Thematic Object DIIEM

The Laboratoire de Biotechnologie de l'Environnement is divided into 5 thematic objects (TO). You will find below the different research axes of the first TO : TO Diversity, Interactions and Engineering of Microbial Ecosystems (DIIEM).

The DIIEM group brings together scientists from different disciplines (Microbial Ecology, Process Engineering, Microbiological Engineering, Modeling) who share the similar scientific interests, but may work with different model ecosystems.

OTDIIEM
© INRAE LBE

Our common objective is to identify and apply ecological engineering strategies allowing us to orient microbial community function towards an ecosystem services of (biotechnological) interest, for example:

  • improvement of process performance (transformation of pollutants; production of energy, biomass, or molecules of interest)
  • development of stable, resilient and resistant microbial communities
  • control of health impacts by (1) directing ecosystems towards the degradation of micropollutants and (2) limiting the development or survival of pathogens in transit

We characterize microbial communities using tools from molecular ecology and analyze their structure and dynamics as a function of ecosystem service. Compared to natural ecosystems, engineered environments in bioreactors allow us to control a wide range of environmental conditions. This reduction in environmental complexity present a valuable advantage when attempting to steer ecosystem performance towards a desired function. Numerous engineered ecosystems studied at LBE (e.g., fermentation processes or bioelectrochemical systems) favor the study of interactions in microbial systems because here, we typically use simplified microbial communities, obtained by applying high selection pressure or by reconstituting novel communities. In these simplified communities, interactions are more easily detectable.

More information on some research questions of the DIIEM group is given through the links below:

  •     Anaerobic digestors;
  •     Fermentative ecosystems (biohydrogen, value-added molecules);
  •     Bioelectrochemical systems;
  •     Biofilms;
  •     Microalgae (lagoon, photobioreactors, raceway, pure strain);
  •     Photogranules;
  •     Aerobiome ;
  •     Virome.

We maintain close links and collaborations with researchers in the SAMI group for the development of mathematical models, with the Qual-I group on the impact of pathogens in transit through coupled ecosystems, and to the ICoP group for process engineering.

Contact

Kim MILFERSTEDT

See also

Find out more about staff of this thematic object, by clicking below:

Modification date: 31 May 2024 | Publication date: 24 April 2024 | By: LBE